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Trout Foods and Their Imitations
The types of foods that trout eat are widely varied and range from aquatic and terrestrial (land born) insects to forage fish and crustaceans and all of them can be imitated by the fly fisherman. In fact, common aquatic insects here in western North Carolina include May Flies, Caddis Flies, Stone Flies, Crane Flies, Damsel Flies, and Dobson Flies although, the three families most often imitated by fly fishermen are, May Flies, Caddis Flies, and Stone Flies. In addition, during the warmer months of the year, Trout often feed on terrestrial insects such as crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, inchworms, ants, and Yellowjacket wasps that inadvertently find their way into the water. However, once a trout reaches the age and size required to become sexually mature, its energy requirements rise drastically and thus, truly large trout are seldom able to obtain enough food from feeding in the drift. Thus, they quickly learn to become ambush predators and begin feeding both diurnally and nocturnally on forage fish species such as juvenile Trout, Dace, Darters, Sculpins, Chubs, and Crayfish in order to satisfy their heightened energy requirements.
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